The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a multipurpose military transport aircraft used by many different nations around the world. This is a list of the specific military units, as well as some civilian airlines, that fly it.
AAF operates 18 C-130 transports, including 8 C-130H, 8 C-130H-30, and 2 L-100-30 models.
Received 6 C-130K, 3 L-100-20, and 2 L-100-30 aircraft. None in flying condition now.
The South African Air Force has 12 C-130s. 7 C-130BZs were bought in 1963. The US donated 3 C-130Fs and 2 C-130Bs in 1997/98.
The Japan Defense Agency ordered the C-130H which was the newest model in 1981. The Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) purchased 16 in total to replace aging C-1 and YS-11P aircraft. The C-130Hs were received from 1984 to 1998.
JASDF C-130Hs were active in Iraq from 2004 to 2008. Two C-130Hs (95-1080 and 95-1083) have been equipped with aerial fuel-receiving and refueling functions, making them of KC-130H standard. This provides the JASDF with the ability to refuel the UH-60J search and rescue helicopters of its Air Rescue Wing.
The JMSDF bought six used KC-130R aircraft that were in storage, having been previously operated by the US Marines. There was some speculation that they may be used as gunships with the Harvest HAWK kit. In actuality they were purchased to replace three aging YS-11M/M-A aircraft of Air Transport Squadron 61.
Their air to air refueling equipment was removed, making them of C-130R standard. Corrosion repair was done and the aircraft were refitted with new landing gear supports, cargo door supports and center wing rainbow fittings. In addition to structural modifications, Japan received thirty overhauled T56-A-16 engines and digital cockpit upgrades to include a digital GPS. Regeneration of the first aircraft began in November 2012 and was planned to be completed by Fall 2013. The six C-130Rs were supplied from 2014 to 2016.
Four C-130Js on order for delivery from 2011
The squadron will receive another C-130J-30 in 2019
The Air Force also has two KC-130J in order from the US Air Force
Italian Air Force operated 14 Lockheed C-130H Hercules from 1972 until 2001
All C-130 aircraft in Turkish service were to begin a 56-month upgrade by Turkish Aerospace Industries termed the Erciyes Program. Two are to be done directly at TAI while the remainder will be upgraded by the Air Force under TAI oversight. Primary aim of the upgrade is to improve the avionics with 17 new systems and five upgraded ones. Turkish content in both hardware and software has been increased to reduce long term costs.
In 2001 FAB obtained ten ex-Italian Air Force, (AMI) C-130H models, which were replaced in Italian AMI service by new C-130J’s.
Pacific Western Airlines for cargo operations had 2 aircraft.